Thursday, June 9, 2011

Dolmen is called 'Goindol' in Korean [Geochang dolmen]

       A dolmen refers to a certain kind of tombs in the Prehistoric age.
       Sometimes it is called 'Goindol' in Korean.

     These dolmens stand on the hill within the radius of 1.8Kms of Maesan-village,   
        Jungnim-ri, Asan-myeon, Gochang-eup, Jeollabuk-do, south korea

Till now total 442 dolmens have been found.
They are believed to be the tombs of the family members of tribe chiefs who ruled this region from 400 B.C. to 100 B.C. or from the late Bronze Age to the early Iron Age.

It is estimated that the people in the Bronze Age settled here, composing a tribal community, mainly because the low hills on this region were very suitable for farming.

We can find here nearly all kinds of the prehistoric tombs native to Korea, including the check-board-shaped Southern style, the table-shaped Northern style and the Gaeseok style dolmen which consists of only one big ceiling stone.

So this site is very important for the research on the history of dolmen in the Korean Peninsular. These remains are also regarded as a priceless source for the research on the Korean ancient history, with the mountain fortress walls in the Baekje Dynasty, the old tombs in the Baekje Dynasty and the old graves in the Goryeo Dynasty in the same region. Especially, the Northern style dolmens around Sanggap-ri, Asan-myeon have the unique academic value as the Southernmost remains of the Northern style dolmens.


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