Friday, January 14, 2011
Dongnae eupseongji (castle road) of Busan city
This site was a town fortress surrounding the administrative center of Dongnae district in the Joseon period.
It is a typical mountain fortress wall surrounding the mountain at the back of the Chungnyeolsa, Maan mountain, the mountain at the back of the Dongnae hyanggyo and the present Dongnae urban areas. It is representative of town fortress in Korea.
During the Samhan period, there were small states called Geochilsanguk and Dokroguk in Dongnae. It is presumed that a wall fortress was already built up at that time. However, the first mention about the Dongnae wall fortress that appears in historical records is that the wall was repaired in 1021, the twelfth year of the reign of King Hyeonjong of Goryeo. It was an ancient town fortress in the area of Mangmi-dong, Suyeong-gu. In 1387, the present Dongnae wall fortress was built to defend the Japanese invaders by Bak Wi.
Dongnaebu was counted as the most important defense center during the Joseon period. So its government offices were big. When the Japanese began their invasion of Korea on April 14, 1592, Dongnaebu became their first target.It was the scene of a hard-fought battle. The wall was repaired and expanded in 1713 by Magistrate, Jeong Eon Seop. It was surrounded by 3.6kilometers. Within the wall there were four gates. Each gate had a tower. A wing fortress was built upon the south gate and small fortifications were erected on the other three gates, too. At present, there are some restored structures inside the wall. including the north gate with a fortification on its top, Dongjangdae, Seojangdae, Bukjangdae heights, Chiseong wall and a fortified small wall surrounding a gate
Cultural property : Busan Tangible Cultural Property No.5
Designated on June 26, 1972
Location : 510-1, Suan-dong, Dongnae-gu, Busan